America’s Commercial and Martial Spirit

Men of Progress by Christian Schussele

Anthony A. Peacock, who directs Utah State’s Center for the Study of American Constitutionalism, published a book earlier this year on commercial and military spiritedness in The Federalist. The Center for the Study of American Constitutionalism is a JMC partner program.


Vindicating the Commercial Republic: The Federalist on Union, Enterprise, and War


Vindicating the Commercial RepublicContrary to most academic commentary on The Federalist, this book contends that the most significant teachings of the work did not have to do with the institutions of government so much as with the non-institutional features of American constitutionalism, specifically its advocacy for greater union, the development of an unparalleled culture of enterprise, and provision for war. Key to understanding why these features were so critical to The Federalist is the work’s rejection of classical liberalism’s orthodoxy that commercial republics were moderate or pacific in nature rather than spirited, enterprising, and warlike. Using the ancient historian Thucydides’ account of the daring, innovation, and restlessness of ancient commercial Athens as an interpretive guide for the commercial republican theory that The Federalist embraces, this book provides a sweeping reinterpretation of American constitutionalism. At the heart of The Federalist’s teaching, Peacock contends, is the intention to create an innovative and spirited culture of enterprise that will not only inform America’s civic character post-1787 but its military character as well. No scholarship has considered the significance of Thucydides’ to the The Federalist. This book does in a comprehensive reconstruction of the work that concludes that The Federalist anticipates as well as any text on American constitutionalism what many consider to be the most definitive features of American character today: its spirit of enterprise and its qualified willingness to engage in war for both reasons of national interest and republican principle.

Purchase the book here >>



Anthony A. Peacock is professor and department head in the Political Science Department at Utah State University. He is also the Director of USU’s Center for the Study of American Constitutionalism. Peacock is the author or editor of numerous books, including most recently Vindicating the Commercial Republic: The Federalist on Union, Enterprise, and War (Lexington Books, 2018), How to Read The Federalist Papers (The Heritage Foundation, 2010), Freedom and the Rule of Law (Lexington Books, 2010), and Deconstructing the Republic: Voting Rights, the Supreme Court, and the Founders’ Republicanism Reconsidered (The AEI Press, 2008)

Peacock has also published many articles, book chapters, and book reviews on American law and politics. In addition Peacock has provided media commentary on national and state politics and has lectured on American politics and law both nationally and internationally.  He currently sits on the Utah Advisory Committee to the United States Commission on Civil Rights. At Utah State Peacock has taught courses in the fields of constitutional law, constitutional theory, law and policy, law, politics, and war, and political theory.

Learn more about Anthony Peacock >>



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