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Election Day: The Democratic Process at Work

Election Day occurs every year on the first Tuesday in November. The day is important for American citizens in choosing their state officials, such as governors, senators, and House representatives, as well as our nation’s most prominent leader, the President.

Below is a collection of resources recognizing Election Day as a key part of the United States’ political process. Browse these resources or jump from section to section by clicking the links below:

Abraham Lincoln, In Response to a Serenade, November 10, 1864

“It has long been a grave question whether any government, not too strong for the liberties of its people, can be strong enough to maintain its own existence in great emergencies.

On this point the present rebellion brought our republic to a severe test; and a presidential election occurring in regular course during the rebellion added not a little to the strain. If the loyal people, united, were put to the utmost of their strength by the rebellion, must they not fail when divided, and partially paralized (sic), by a political war among themselves?

But the election was a necessity.

We can not have free government without elections; and if the rebellion could force us to forego, or postpone a national election it might fairly claim to have already conquered and ruined us. The strife of the election is but human-nature practically applied to the facts of the case. What has occurred in this case, must ever recur in similar cases. Human-nature will not change. In any future great national trial, compared with the men of this, we shall have as weak, and as strong; as silly and as wise; as bad and good. Let us, therefore, study the incidents of this, as philosophy to learn wisdom from, and none of them as wrongs to be revenged.

But the election, along with its incidental, and undesirable strife, has done good too. It has demonstrated that a people’s government can sustain a national election, in the midst of a great civil war. Until now it has not been known to the world that this was a possibility. It shows that, even among candidates of the same party, he who is most devoted to the Union, and most opposed to treason, can receive most of the people’s votes. It shows also, to the extent yet known, that we have more men now, than we had when the war began. Gold is good in its place; but living, brave, patriotic men, are better than gold.”

From the National Park Service >>

Selected online resources on American elections:

James Ceaser: How We Select Presidential Candidates, Then and Now

JMC board member James Ceaser appeared on Conversations with Kristol with fellow board member Bill Kristol to share his perspective on the character of presidential selection from the founding period through the creation of the party system to the nominating process we know today.

Click here to watch the video on YouTube >>


Allen Guelzo: In Defense of the Electoral College

The value of the Electoral College has become an issue of public debate after multiple presidents in the past 20 years have been elected by the College despite losing the national popular vote. Reformation of the Electoral College became a campaign issue for some as we approached the 2020 presidential election. In 2019, Villanova University hosted Akhil Reed Amar and JMC faculty partner Allen C. Guelzo to discuss the origins of the Electoral College and debate whether it should be reformed.

Click here to watch the video on YouTube >>



2016 Democratic National ConventionThe Presidential Election Process

Learn about the presidential election process at The website includes infographics and information on primaries and caucuses, presidential requirements, and the Electoral College.

Click here to learn about the U.S. election process at >>



Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1933The Origins of Modern Campaigning

As part of an online exhibit on Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Hunter College at CUNY has gathered information on the origins of modern campaigning.  The exhibit features several images from the New York Historical Society.

Click here to visit the online exhibit >>




Mount Vernon, 1921, Collier's New Encyclopedia2020 George Washington Symposium: Elections that Shaped the American Presidency

On the occasion of the 2020 presidential election, Mount Vernon’s annual George Washington Symposium was on the topic of elections that shaped the presidency. Five eminent scholars, including JMC faculty partner Jeffrey Pasley, explored elections during Washington’s lifetime and key elections that followed, including those from the Civil War era, the depths of the Great Depression, and the volatile mid-twentieth century.

Click here to watch the symposium at the Mount Vernon website >>


Presidential inauguration, Ulysses S. GrantPresidential Elections & Inaugurations

The National Archives has several resources on the American election process, as well as videos of many past presidential inaugurations, beginning with Warren G. Harding’s in 1921.

Visit the National Archives >>





TIME: “The Long History Behind Presidential Campaign Buttons and Pins”

At Time Magazine, Elizabeth King has penned an article on the long history of campaign buttons in American elections.

Click here to read the article at Time >>


*If you are a JMC fellow who’s published on Election Day, election law, or voting, and would like your work included here, send it to us at

Commentary and articles from JMC fellows:


Historically Significant Elections


Gideon Cohn-Postar, A Brief History of North Carolina’s 9th District Contested Election — in 1898.” (The Conversation, February 26, 2019)

Re-Imagining Democracy in the Age of Revolutions (Seth Cotlar cont.)Gideon Cohn-Postar, Politicians, Lies, and Electoral Legitimacy — It’s an Old Story.” (The Conversation, September 6, 2018)

Seth Cotlar, Languages of Democracy in America from the Revolution to the Election of 1800.” (Re-Imagining Democracy in the Age of Revolutions: America, France, Britain, Ireland 1750-1850, Oxford University Press, 2013)

Samuel DeCanio (co-author), Prelude to Populism: Mass Electoral Support for the Grange and Greenback Parties.” (Party Politics 19.5, 2013)

David Houpt, John Adams and the Elections of 1796 and 1800.” (A Companion to John Adams and John Quincy Adams, Wiley-Blackwell, 2013)

Benjamin Kleinerman, The Show Must Go On.” (The Bulwark, August 1, 2020)

The Revolution of 1800Marc Landy, Election in Wartime: The President Under Siege.” (Perspectives on Political Science 34.2, Spring 2005)

Shira Lurie, Would Trump concede in 2020? A lesson from 1800.” (The Conversation, August 22, 2019)

Michael Munger (co-author), Closeness, Expenditure, Turnout: The 1982 U.S. House Elections.” (American Political Science Review 83, 1989)

Jeffrey Pasley, 1800 as a Revolution in Political Culture: Newspapers, Celebrations, Voting, and Democratization in the Early Republic.” (The Revolution of 1800: Democracy, Race, and the New Republic, University Press of Virginia, 2002)

Jeffrey Pasley, The Devolution of 1800: Jefferson’s Election and the Birth of American Government.” (America at the Ballot Box: Elections and American Political History, University of Pennsylvania Press, 2015)

This Distracted and Anarchical PeopleJeffrey Pasley, “Election of 1796.” (American Presidential Campaigns and Elections, M.E. Sharpe, 2003)

Jeffrey Pasley, The First Presidential Contest: 1796 and the Founding of American Democracy. (University Press of Kansas, 2013)

Jonathan White, ‘For My Part I Dont Care Who is Elected President’: The Union Army and the Elections of 1864.” (This Distracted and Anarchical People: New Answers for Old Questions about the Civil War-Era North, Fordham University Press, 2013)

Jonathan White, The Soldier Vote of 1864 and the Expansion of Suffrage.” (The Lincoln Forum Bulletin 36, Fall 2014)

More Recent Elections


Lara Brown, Brokered GOP Convention Would Ensure Obama Second Term.” (U.S. News & World Report, March 21, 2012)

The Presidential Leadership Dilemma, Between the Constitution and a Political PartyLara Brown, Campaign 2012 Isn’t the Nastiest, Just the Most Covered.” (U.S. News & World Report, August 10, 2012)

Lara Brown, Democrats Can Continue Placing Hope in Obama.” (U.S. News & World Report, September 7, 2012)

Lara Brown, Mitt Romney’s Promising Prime Time.” (U.S. News & World Report, August 31, 2012)

Lara Brown, Mitt Romney Won the Night, But Will It Change the Race.” (U.S. News & World Report, October 4, 2012)

Lara Brown, Playing for History: The Reelection Leadership Choices of Presidents William J. Clinton and George W. Bush.” (The Presidential Leadership Dilemma: Between the Constitution and a Political Party, State University of New York Press, 2013)

Lara Brown, Romney’s VP Pick Will Be Low Risk, Low Reward.” (U.S. News & World Report, May 29, 2012)

Robert Burton (co-author), The Aim of Every Political Constitution: The Founders and the Election of Trump.” (Trump and Political Philosophy: Patriotism, Cosmopolitanism, and Civic Virtue, Palgrave, 2018)

James Ceaser (co-author), After Hope and Change: The 2012 Elections and American National Politics, Post-2014 Update. (Rowman & Littlefield, 2010)

James Ceaser (co-author), Defying the Odds: The 2016 Elections and American Politics, Post 2018 Mid-Term Election. (Rowman & Littlefield, 2019)

James Ceaser (co-author), Epic Journey: the 2008 Elections and American Politics. (Rowman & Littlefield, 2009)

James Ceaser, The Great Repudiation.” (The Claremont Review of Books 10.4, Fall 2010)

James Ceaser, Losing to Win: The 1996 Elections and American Politics. (Rowman & Littlefield, 1997)

James Ceaser (co-author), The Magnitude of the 2008 Democratic Victory: By The Numbers.” (The Forum 6.4, 2009)

James Ceaser (co-author), Midterm Elections, Partisan Context, and Political Leadership: The 2006 Elections and Party Alignment.” (The Forum, February 2007)

James Ceaser (co-author), The Perfect Tie: The True Story of the 2000 Presidential Election. (Rowman & Littlefield, 2001)

James Ceaser (co-author), The Presidential Election of 2012 by the Numbers and in Historical Perspective.” (The Forum, February 2013)

James Ceaser (co-author), Red Over Blue: American Politics and the 2004 National Elections. (Rowman & Littlefield, 2005)

James Ceaser, The Perfect Tie: The True Story of the 2000 Presidential Election. (Rowman & Littlefield, 2001)

James Ceaser (co-author), Upside Down and Inside Out: American Politics and the 1992 National Elections. (Rowman & Littlefield, 1993)

James Ceaser (co-author), The Very Model of a Midterm Election.” (Washington Examiner, September 13, 2010)

Mirya Holman (co-author), Terrorism, Gender, and the 2016 Presidential Election.” (Electoral Studies 61, October 2019)

Nicholas Jacobs (co-author), The 2016 Presidential Election by the Numbers and in Historical Perspective.” (The Forum 14.4, 2016)

William Kristol (editor), Bush v. Gore: The Court Cases and the Commentary. (Brookings Institution Press, 2001)

Peter McNamara (co-author), Pension Fund Democracy: The Economy in the Presidential Election of 1992.” (America Through the Looking Glass, Rowman & Littlefield, 1994)

Michael Munger (co-author), In play: a commentary on strategies in the 2004 U.S. presidential election.” (Public Choice 123, 2005)

Daniel Palazzolo, Will it be a blue wave –or a whimper? Here’s what the evidence says for the 2018 midterm elections.” (The Conversation, October 30, 2018)

Robert Saldin, Foreign Affairs and the 2008 Election.” (The Forum 6.4, 2008)

Robert Saldin, Healthcare Reform: A Prescription for the 2010 Republican Landslide? (The Forum 8.4, 2010)

Rogers Smith, “Electoral College: Bush v. Gore.” (Common-Place: The Interactive Journal of Early American Life, 2002)

Rogers Smith, Progressivism, Polarization, and the 2012 Election.” (Logos 11, Fall 2012)

Bush v. Gore, The Court Cases and CommentaryJeffrey Tulis (co-author), The Hail Mary Pass That Could Deny Trump the Presidency: Its Up to You Electors.” (New York Daily News, November 21, 2016)

Kevin Wagner, Bush v. Gore: Law and Politics in American Elections.” (The Encyclopedia of the Supreme Court, 2005)

Philip Wallach, Will the Clean Power Plan swing the 2016 Presidential Election? (Brookings, August 11, 2015)

Jean Yarbrough, Tocqueville’s Great Party Politics and the Election of Donald Trump.” (Trump and Political Philosophy: Patriotism, Cosmopolitanism, and Civic Virtue, Palgrave/Macmillan, 2018)

Primaries and Recent Presidential Nomination Processes


Lara Brown, A High Speed Chase: Presidential Aspirants and the Nomination Process.” (Understanding the Presidency, Pearson, 2009)

Lara Brown, Inside Parties: The Politics of Earning a Presidential Nomination.” (From Votes to Victory: Winning and Governing the White House in the 21st Century, Texas A&M University Press, 2011)

Understanding the PresidencyLara Brown, Michele Bachmann and Migraines: Presidential Disqualifier or Sexism? (Huffington Post, July 21, 2011)

Lara Brown, “Mitt Romney is Proving Himself to Conservatives, Slowly But Surely.” (U.S. News & World Report, February 29, 2012)

Lara Brown, Newt Gingrich is Bringing Down the Republican Party.” (U.S. News & World Report, February 1, 2012)

Lara Brown, Newt Has No Self-Interested Reason to Drop Out…Yet.” (U.S. News & World Report, March 14, 2012)

Lara Brown, Republican Heart and Soul: The Definitional Battle for the 2012 Presidential Nomination.” (The Ripon Forum 44.4, Fall 2010)

Lara Brown, Rick Santorum Repulses Independent and Moderate Voters.” (U.S. News & World Report, February 22, 2012)

James Ceaser, The 2016 U.S. Election: The Nomination Game.” (The Journal of Democracy 28.2, April 2017)

From Votes to VictoryJames Ceaser, Nominating the Presidential Candidates.” (Encyclopedia of the American Presidency, Simon and Schuster, 1993)

James Ceaser, The Presidential Nomination Mess.” (Claremont Review of Books VIII.4, Fall 2008)

Mirya Holman (co-author), The Choice is Yours: Caucus Typologies and Collaboration in U.S. State Legislatures.” (Representation 55.1, 2019)

Michael Munger (co-author), The (un)Predictability of Primaries With Many Candidates: Simulation Evidence.” (Public Choice 103, 2000)

Daniel Palazzolo (co-author), Momentum and the Media in the 2012 Republican Presidential Nomination.” (Presidential Studies Quarterly 44, September 2014)

Philip Wallach, If Republicans nominate Trump, can an independent win the presidency? (Brookings, January 18, 2016)

Philip Wallach, Looking back from 2020: Three Trump Presidencies.” (Brookings, March 2, 2016)

Election Laws and Policy


James Ceaser, Election Reform: Politics and Policy. (Lexington Books, 2004)

Gideon Cohn-Postar, A Shell Plant Coerced Workers into Attending a Trump Rally, Here’s What That Means for Democracy.” (The Washington Post The Monkey Cage, September 2, 2019)

Election Reform: Politics and PolicyJay Kent Dow, Electing the House: The Adoption and Performance of the U.S. Single-Member District Electoral System. (University Press of Kansas, 2017)

Jay Kent Dow, Party-System Extremism in Majoritarian and Proportional Electoral Systems.” (British Journal of Political Science 41.2, 2011)

David Houpt,Contested Election Laws: Representation, Elections, and Party Building in Pennsylvania, 1788-1794.” (Pennsylvania History 79.3, Summer 2012)

Michael Munger, 19th Century Voting Procedures in a 21st Century World.” (Public Choice 124.1/2, 2005)

Michael Munger, Voting methods, problems of majority rule, and demand-revealing procedures.” (Public Choice 152.1/2, 2012)

Daniel Palazzolo (co-author), Beyond the End of the Beginning.” (Election Reform: Politics and Policy, Lexington Books, 2005)

Electing the House: The Adoption and Performance of the US Single-Member District Electoral SystemDaniel Palazzolo (co-author), Complying with the Help America Vote Act (HAVA): Variations among the States.” (Making Every Vote Count, Princeton University Press, 2006)

Daniel Palazzolo, Election Reform After the 2000 Election.” (Election Reform: Politics and Policy, Lexington Books, 2005)

Daniel Palazzolo (co-author), Election Reform After HAVA: Voter Verification in Congress and the States.” (Publius: The Journal of Federalism 38.3, Summer 2008)

Daniel Palazzolo (co-author), Election Reform in Virginia: Incremental Change and Deliberation.” (Election Reform: Politics and Policy, Lexington Books, 2005)

Daniel Palazzolo (co-author), HAVA and the States.” (Publius: The Journal of Federalism 35, 2005)

Daniel Palazzolo (co-author), Policy Crisis and Political Leadership: Election Law Reform in the States after the 2000 Election.” (State Politics and Policy Quarterly 6, 2006)

Civic Education and CultureThomas Pangle, Should Felons Vote? A Paradigmatic Debate Over the Meaning of Civic Responsibility.” (Civic Education and Culture, ISI Books, 2005)

Jeffrey Rosen, Political Questions and the Hazards of Pragmatism.” (Bush v. Gore: The Question of Legitimacy, Yale University Press, 2002)

Jonathan White, Citizens and Soldiers: Party Competition and the Debate in Pennsylvania over Permitting Soldiers to Vote, 1861-64.” (American Nineteenth Century History 5, Summer 2004)

Justin Wert (co-author), Seats, Votes, Citizens, and History in the One-Person, One-Vote Problem.” (Stanford Law & Policy Review, May 30, 2012)

The Electoral College


Lara Brown, The Electoral College Defends Liberty in Ways Direct Democracy Doesn’t.” (U.S. News & World Report, November 5, 2012)

Lara Brown, How Close is Too Close?: The 2012 Election in the Electoral College.” (Society 49.5, 2012)

Lara Brown, Obama Can Claim an Electoral College Mandate.” (U.S. News & World Report, November 7, 2012)

Michael Munger (co-author), Sophisticated and myopic? Citizen Preferences for Electoral College reform.” (Public Choice 158, 2014)

James Stoner, The Electoral College and Democracy.” (Securing Democracy: Why We Have and Electoral College, ISI Books, 2001)

James Stoner, Save the Electoral College 538.” (Washington Examiner 6.13, December 11, 2012)

Andrew Trees, Electoral College is no way to show off democracy.” (USA Today, November 14, 2016)

Jeffrey Tulis, How the Electoral College Could Deny Trump the Presidency.” (LSE US Centre Blog, November 22, 2016)

Justin Wert (co-author), Electoral College Reform and Voting Rights.” (Faulkner University Law Review, September 2009)

Keith Whittington, The Electoral College: A Modest Contribution.” (The Longest Night: Polemics and Perspectives on Election 2000, University of California Press, 2002)

Joshua Zingher, The Relationship Between Bias and Swing Ratio in the Electoral College and the Outcome of Presidential Elections: 1872-2012.” (Journal of Elections, Public Opinion, and Parties 26.2, 2016)

Voting Rights


Waud (1867) freed blacks votingGideon Cohn-Postar, Mississippi: African-American Voters Sue Over Election Law Rooted in the State’s Racist Past.” (The Conversation, September 23, 2019)

Gideon Cohn-Postar, Mississippi Governor’s Race Taking Place Under Jim Crow-era Rules After Judge Refuses to Block Them.” (The Conversation, November 1, 2019)

Rogers Smith (co-author), The Last Stand? Shelby County v. Holder and White Political Power in Modern America.” (Du Bois Review 13.1, Spring 2016)

Rogers Smith (co-author), Racial Inequality and the Weakening of Voting Rights in America.” (Discover Society 33, June 1, 2016)

Rogers Smith (co-author), Restricting Voting Rights in Modern America.” (Transatlantica 1, 2015)

Joey Torres, The Voting Rights Act’€™s Pre-Clearance Provisions: The Experience of Native Americans in South Dakota.” (American Indian Culture and Research Journal 41.4, 2017)

Justin Wert (co-author), The Rise and Fall of the Voting Rights Act. (University of Oklahoma Press, 2016)

Jonathan White, Canvassing the Troops: The Federal Government and the Soldiers’ Right to Vote.” (Civil War History 50.3, 2004)

Jonathan White, Supporting the Troops: The Soldiers’ Right to Vote in Civil War Pennsylvania.” (Pennsylvania Heritage, Winter 2006)

All or Nothing: Mandatory Voting and Voter Abstention


Jonathan Bean, “Nonvoter Manifesto: Don’t Vote!” (The Beacon, March 18, 2016)

Jay Kent Dow (co-author), The Political Consequences of Alienation-Based and Indifference-Based Voter Abstention: Applications to Presidential Elections.” (Political Behavior 28.1, March 2006)

Kevin Elliott, Aid for Our Purposes: Mandatory Voting as Precommitment and Nudge.” (The Journal of Politics 79.2, 2017)



James Ceaser, An Unspinnable Debate.” (Washington Examiner, October 15, 2012)

Jay Kent Dow (co-author), Campaign Contributions in an Unregulated Setting: An Analysis of the 1984 and 1986 California Assembly Elections.” (Western Political Quarterly 45.3, September 1992)

Jeff Green, The Ultimate in Reality TV: Flaws and All, Presidential Debates are a Healthy Part of the Job Interview.” (Zócalo Public Square, November 2011)

Mirya Holman (co-author), Gender Targeting in Political Advertisements.” (Political Research Quarterly 68.4, 2015)

Mack Mariani (co-author), The Effect of Campaign Internships on Political Efficacy and Engagement.” (Journal of Political Science Education 5.4, 2009)

Michael Munger, I have a real meeting at 10:30: Running for Office as a Third Party Candidate.” (Inside Political Campaigns: Chronicles—and Lessons—from the Trenches, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2010)

Michael Munger, Locking Up Political Speech: How Electioneering Communications Laws Stifle Free Speech and Civic Engagement.” (Institute for Justice, June 2009)

Michael Munger, On the Political Participation of the Firm in the Electoral Process: An Update.” (Public Choice 56.3, 1988)

Daniel Palazzolo (co-author), Candidate Announcement Addresses: Campaign Strategies and Voting Behavior.” (Presidential Studies Quarterly 26, 1996)

Jeffrey Pasley, The Role of the Press and Media in Presidential Elections.” (American Presidential Campaigns and Elections, M.E. Sharpe, 2003)

Philip Wallach, Truth-telling a Casualty in Presidential Campaign.” (Brookings, August 31, 2012)

Jonathan White, How Lincoln Won the Soldier Vote.” (New York Times “Disunion” blog, November 7, 2014)

Voting: Patterns, Demographics, & Trends


Mark Blitz, We Want Our Citizens Engaged, Not Enraged.” (Defining Ideas, July 21, 2011)

James Ceaser, The Businessman versus the Professor.” (Washington Examiner, April 30, 2012)

James Ceaser, Presidential Selection.” (The Presidency in the Constitutional Order, Louisiana State University Press, 1981)

Elizabeth Corey (co-author), Are Government Employees More Likely to Vote? An Analysis of Turnout in the 1996 U.S. National Election.” (Public Choice 111.3/4, June 2002)

Samuel DeCanio, Religion and 19th Century Voting Behavior: A New Look at Some Old Data.” (The Journal of Politics 69.2, 2007)

Jay Kent Dow, Directional and Proximity Models of Voter Choice in Recent United States Presidential Elections.” (Public Choice 96, 1998)

Jay Kent Dow (co-author), Does Democracy ‘Suffer’ from Diversity? Issue Representation and Diversity in Senate Elections.” (Public Choice 129, 2006)

Jay Kent Dow, Gender Differences in Political Knowledge: Distinguishing Characteristics- Based and Returns-Based Differences.” (Political Behavior 31, 2009)

Women's suffrage, Mrs. SuffernJay Kent Dow (co-author), Multinomial Probit and Multinomial Logit: A Comparison of Choice Models for Voting Research.” (Electoral Studies 23.1, March 2004)

Jay Kent Dow, Political Knowledge and Electoral Choice in the 1992-2004 United States Presidential Elections: Are More and Less Knowledgeable Citizens Distinguishable.” (Journal of Elections, Public Opinion and Parties 21.3, 2011)

Jay Kent Dow (co-author), Representation in Congressional Elections: Evidence for Discounting/Directional Voting in U.S. Senate Elections.” (Journal of Politics 66, 2004)

William English (co-author), Candidate Genes and Political Behavior.” (American Political Science Review 106.01, February 2012)

William English (co-author), Why Genes Don’t Predict Voting Behavior: When it comes to complex behaviors, gene variants don’t count for much.” (Scientific American, November 1, 2012)

Jeff Green, New Politics of Candor Puts the Public Gaze before the Ballot Box.” (East Magazine, December 19, 2014)

Mirya Holman (co-author), Are You Picking Up What I’m Laying Down? Ideology in Low-Information Elections.” (Urban Affairs Review, 2020)

Mirya Holman, The differential effect of resources on political participation across gender and racial groups.” (Distinct Identities, Palgrave Press, 2016)

Mirya Holman (co-author), Gender, race, and political ambition: How intersectionality and frames influence interest in political office.” (Politics, Groups & Identities 6.2, 2018)

Mirya Holman (co-author), Messages from Above: Conflict and Convergence of Messages on the Catholic Vote from the Catholic Church hierarchy.” (Politics & Religion 10.4, December 2017)

Mirya Holman (co-author), The Paradox of Protestantism and Women in Elected Office in the United States.” (Journal of Women, Politics, and Policy 29.1, 2007)

Mirya Holman (co-author), Voting Green.” (Social Science Quarterly 89.5, December 2008)

Nicholas Jacobs (co-author), Place Based Imagery and Voter Evaluations: Experimental Evidence on the Politics of Place.” (Political Research Quarterly 72.2, 2019)

Andrew Lewis (co-author), When the Iowa caucus goes to church.” (Vox, February 1, 2016)

Michael Munger (co-author), Candidate Uncertainty, Mental Models, and Complexity: Some Experimental Results.” (Public Choice 132.1-2, 2007)

Michael Munger (co-author), Condorcet polling serendipitously can yield clues about voter preferences.” (Public Choice 165.1/2, October 2015)

Michael Munger (co-author), Declining Electoral Competitiveness in the House of Representatives: the Differential Impact of Improved Transportation Technology.” (Public Choice 61, 1989)

Michael Munger (co-author), Ideology and the Construction of Nationality: The Canadian Elections of 1993.” (Public Choice 97.3, December 1998)

Michael Munger (co-author), Political Investment, Voter Perceptions, and Candidate Strategy: An Equilibrium Spatial Analysis.” (Models of Strategic Choice in Politic, Cambridge University Press, 1989)

Michael Munger (co-author), Voter Uncertainty Can Produce Non-Single-Peaked But Not Cyclic Preferences: A Clue to the Fate of Ross Perot? (The Journal of Politics 67.2, May 2005)

Curt Nichols (co-author), Military Family Attitudes towards Civilian Leaders in the United States.” (Armed Forces and Society 39.1, 2013)

Robert Saldin and James Ceaser (co-authors), A New Measure of Party Strength.” (Political Research Quarterly 58.2, 2005)

Rogers Smith (editor), Representation: Elections and Beyond. (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2013)

Rogers Smith (co-author), Trump’s election is actually a return to normal racial politics. Here’s why.” (The Washington Post: Monkey Cage, November 17, 2016)

Joshua Zingher, An Analysis of the Changing Social Bases of America’s Political Parties: 1952-2008.” (Electoral Studies 35, September 2014)

Joshua Zingher (co-author), The Effects of Lawn Signs on Vote Outcomes: Results from Four Randomized Field Experiments.” (Electoral Studies 41, March 2016)

Joshua Zingher, The Ideological and Electoral Determinants of Laws Targeting Undocumented Migrants in the U.S. States.” (State Politics and Policy Quarterly 14.1, 2014)

Joshua Zingher (co-author), Patterns of Immigrant Political Behaviour in Australia: An Analysis of Immigrant Voting in Ethnic Context.” (Australian Journal of Political Science 47.3, 2012)

*If you are a JMC fellow who’s published on Election Day, election law, or voting, and would like your work included here, send it to us at



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