The Supreme Court and Judicial Review

Zoom

A Virtual Seminar for Florida Teachers   Professor David Ramsey (University of West Florida) will lead an interactive discussion for Florida teachers on the Supreme Court and the development of the principle of judicial review. Readings for the seminar will include Constitutional articles, Federalist and Antifederalist papers, and Marbury v. Madison (1800). After the discussion, Dr. […]

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Making its Movie Debut: Jaws

On June 20, 1975, Jaws was released in the United States, ushering in the trend of “summer blockbusters.” The famous movie, focused on the hunt for a killer great white shark off the coast of Massachusetts, grossed $7 million in its first weekend (that’s roughly $35 million today!) At the time, it was the highest-grossing […]

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First Day of Summer!

Today marks the first day of summer and is the longest day of the year in the Northern Hemisphere. ☀️☀️☀️ Did you know? In the United States, several Native American tribes observed (and still observe) the summer solstice with traditions including dance, prayer, and sun salutation. There are several Native American stone arrangements in the […]

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On this day – Virginia enters the Union!

On June 25, 1788, Virginia entered the Union as our tenth state. As home to the oldest English settlement in America (Jamestown) as well as several magnanimous founding fathers, Virginia may be counted as one of our most historic states. 🇺🇸🏛⛲️ Eight U.S. presidents have hailed from Virginia, including four of the first five: George […]

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On this day – Pearl S. Buck was born

Pearl S. Buck On June 26, 1892, American author Pearl S. Buck was born in Hillsboro, West Virginia. She spent much of her life in China and her fiction often focused on Chinese families wrestling with love, adversity, and loss. Her best-selling work, The Good Earth, won the 1938 Nobel Prize in Literature. 📖📚🏅 Did […]

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On this day – Establishment of Federal Holidays

On June 28, 1870, Congress established the first federal holidays. There were only four initially - New Year’s Day, July 4th, Thanksgiving, and Christmas. 🎉🇺🇸🦃🎄Today, there are eleven federal holidays - the most recently established is Juneteenth. The “federal” holiday designation is quite literal – though many businesses follow the federal calendar for days off, […]

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On this day – Mesa Verde National Park Established

On June 29, 1906, Mesa Verde National Park was established in southwestern Colorado to protect a large grouping of ancient cliff dwellings. The dwellings, built by the Ancestral Pueblo, are estimated to be over 700 years old! Aside from being a national park, Mesa Verde is an UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is one of […]

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On this day – 1st Lady Elizabeth Monroe was born

On June 30, 1768, First Lady Elizabeth Monroe was born in New York, New York. While her husband served as minister to France during the French Revolution, Monroe played a critical role in saving the Marquis de Lafayette’s wife from imprisonment. The couple was very popular in France, where Elizabeth was affectionately referred to as […]

On this day – Idaho enters the Union as the 43rd State!

On July 3, 1890, Idaho was admitted into the Union as our 43rd state. A largely rural state with lots of wilderness area, Idaho is known for its potato crop as well as an abundance of gemstones. 72 different types of precious and semi-precious stones are found in the state. 🥔💎🥔💎🥔💎 Did you know? Western […]

On this day – The State’s 1st Patriotic Song hits the Papers

On July 7, 1768, America’s first patriotic song, “Liberty Song,” was published in the Pennsylvania Gazette and Pennsylvania Journal in Philadelphia. Written by founding father John Dickinson, it served as a response to the Townshend Acts of 1767, the most recent in a series of taxes imposed on the colonies by Great Britain. “Liberty Song” […]

On this day – Inventor of the Sewing Machine Born

On July 9, 1819, Elias Howe Jr., the inventor of the modern sewing machine, was born in Spencer, Massachusetts. His patent for the first lockstitch sewing machine contributed much to mass clothing production. 🧵🪡👔👚 Though machine production did not prove profitable for Howe, he became wealthy as other companies utilized his technology, collecting royalties and […]

On this day – Wyoming becomes the 44th State to enter the Union

On July 10, 1890, Wyoming was admitted into the Union as our 44th state. Though it is the most sparsely populated of the 50 states, it has much to offer, with some of the most beautiful wilderness areas in the country, including Yellowstone, the Grand Tetons, and Devil’s Tower. 🌲🦬🌄🏞 Did you know? Wyoming was […]

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On this day – Henry David Thoreau was born

On July 12, 1817, American writer and philosopher Henry David Thoreau was born in Concord, Massachusetts. One of the leading transcendentalists, Thoreau ruminated on nature, justice, and self-perception. His oft-assigned Walden discusses nature and self-reliance while “Civil Disobedience” (in part a response to Thoreau’s disgust with the Mexican-American War) has inspired such leading civil rights […]

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On this day – George Washington Carver National Monument was created!

On July 14, 1943, the George Washington Carver National Monument was established near Carver’s birthplace of Diamond, Missouri. It was the first national monument dedicated to an African American and non-president and honors Carver’s life and work as an agricultural scientist and inventor. 🥜🥜🥜 Born into slavery near the end of the Civil War, Carver […]

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On this day – Nation’s Capital was founded!

On July 16, 1790, our national capital, Washington, D.C., was founded on the Potomac River as George Washington signed the Residence Act into law. The president was tasked with choosing the exact location and a new district was formed from land donated by both Maryland and Virginia. 🏛🇺🇸⛲️ Ironically enough, Washington was the only U.S. […]

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On this day – Disneyland opens its doors

On July 17, 1955, Disneyland opened in Anaheim, California. Predating Disney World by 16 years, Disneyland has remained an iconic American theme park and has welcomed over 700 million visitors since its opening. 🥳🏰🎡⛲️🎢 Did you know? The opening itself was considered a disaster by staff, who referred to the day as “Black Sunday.” Counterfeit […]

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On this day – Seneca Falls Convention begins

On July 19, 1848, the Seneca Falls Convention began in Seneca Falls, New York. The two-day convention for women’s rights is traditionally considered the beginning of the organized women’s rights movement in the United States. Figureheads Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott were inspired to organize the convention after being denied as delegates at the […]

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On this day – 1st Lady Frances Cleveland was born

On July 21, 1864, First Lady Frances Cleveland was born in Buffalo, New York. A very popular and social First Lady, she held two public White House receptions each week – the one on Saturday afternoon was specifically scheduled with women who worked during the week in mind. She was so popular, in fact, that the […]

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On this day – Heatwave brings record high temperatures

Sweating today? ☀️🔥☀️🔥 Americans in 1936 could relate. In July 1936, the United States experienced a devastating heatwave with highs that went into the 120s(!). It was the hottest recorded month in U.S. history and 25% of U.S. daily heat records were set that summer. Middle America was hit especially hard, already suffering from the […]

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On this day – 1st Lady Anna Harrison was born

On July 25, 1775, First Lady Anna Harrison was born in Morristown, New Jersey. She spent only one month as First Lady, as her husband, William Henry Harrison, died shortly after taking office. She did not attend the inauguration and never even entered the White House. Though she grew up in the East, even attending […]

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On this day – New York becomes the 11th State

On July 26, 1788, New York ratified the Constitution, making it our 11th state. It contains the nation’s most populous city (New York City) which once served as our nation’s capital (Washington was sworn in there in 1789). It has also produced the most vice presidents. Did you know? Buffalo wings, beloved both nationally and […]

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On this day – Colorado enters the Union as the 38th State

On August 1, 1876, Colorado was admitted to the Union as our 38th state. The date is reflected in its nickname, “The Centennial State,” which refers to the 100th anniversary of American independence. 🎊🎆🇺🇸 With a beautiful landscape dominated by the Rocky Mountains, Colorado is home to 75% (!) of all U.S. land 10,000+ feet […]

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On this day – Declaration of Independence is signed

On August 2, 1776, members of the Second Continental Congress began signing the Declaration of Independence in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Though the document had been approved earlier (on July 4th as we all know), only president of Congress John Hancock’s name was printed on copies distributed that month. Did you know? The delegates were not ecstatic […]

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On this day – 1st Lady Edith Roosevelt was born

On August 6, 1861, First Lady Edith Roosevelt was born in Norwich, Connecticut. Wife to the inimitable Theodore Roosevelt, Edith’s marriage was preceded by a long friendship with Theodore and his family that dated back to infancy. 👶🧒 With her husband often away, Roosevelt proved strong and capable, often running a household of six children […]

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National Lighthouse Day!

August 7 is National Lighthouse Day! On that day in 1789, Congress approved a law enacting federal support for the establishment of lighthouses, beacons, buoys, and public piers. ⛵️🛥🛳 There are roughly 700 lighthouses in the United States. The first one in the country was established on Little Brewster Island near Boston in 1716. The […]

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National Book Lovers Day 📚

August 9 is National Book Lovers Day! Several of the founding fathers liked to read, but only one devised a contraption to read multiple books at once. Thomas Jefferson’s revolving bookstand had room for five books or letters and could be spun around to the reading that most struck one’s fancy. 📚📖📚 The Library, Felix […]

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On this day – Missouri becomes the 24th State

On August 10, 1821, Missouri was admitted to the Union as our 24th state. Missouri is home to the tallest manmade monument in the United States. What is it? The Gateway Arch in St. Louis! The arch marks the city’s role as a gateway to the western United States. Missouri was also home to the […]

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National Bowling Day 🎳

Bowling dates back to the ancient world – a set of pins and a ball were found in an ancient Egyptian tomb! – but has proven to be massively popular in the United States. Did you know? Dutchmen in New York (once New Amsterdam) enjoyed bowling in the colonial era and the oldest park in […]

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National Rum Day!

  August 16 is National Rum Day! Rum was the preferred liquor of choice in colonial America and politicians running for office (including George Washington!) commonly provided it to voters. […]

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On this day – 1st Transatlantic Balloon Trip

On August 17, 1978, the first transatlantic balloon trip was completed as three Americans (Max Anderson, Ben Abruzzo, and Larry Newman) landed their helium balloon, Double Eagle II, in France. 🎈🎈🎈 The trip, which began in Maine, took one week to complete and was the first successful attempt after over a dozen tries by other […]

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On this day – Meriwether Lewis was born

On August 18, 1774, Meriwether Lewis, famous explorer and co-captain of the Lewis and Clark Expedition was born in near Charlottesville, Virginia. Before the famous expedition, he served in the military and as presidential secretary to Thomas Jefferson. Did you know? Lewis met William Clark after being court-martialed. Though he was acquitted of charges that […]

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On this day – Hawaii enters the Union as the 50th State

On August 21, 1959, Hawaii was admitted to the Union as our 50th (and most recent) state. It is the only state outside of North America and the only state in the tropics. The state holds a special place in American hearts for its culture, beauty, and balmy weather. 🌺🏝☀️⛱ Did you know? The people […]

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National Waffle Day!

August 24 is National Waffle Day! 🧇🧇🧇 Did you know that Americans have been enjoying waffles for some 400 years? Dutch Americans in New Amsterdam (later New York) and the Mid-Atlantic brought waffles with them from Europe. Thought they have European roots, Americans have made waffles distinctly our own – both maple syrup (a North […]

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On this day – the National Park Service was created

On August 25, 1916, the United States National Park Service was created to preserve the nation’s important “natural and cultural resources” for its citizens and all future generations of Americans. At the time, there were 35 national parks and monuments in the country, including Yellowstone National Park (the oldest national park, established in 1872). Today, […]

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On this day – 1st Lady Lucy Hayes was born

On August 28, 1831, First Lady Lucy Hayes was born in Chillicothe, Ohio. Lucy was an extremely popular First Lady and was admired for her care for veterans, orphans, and the poor. Though she’s well-known for her nickname “Lemonade Lucy” 🍋🍋🍋 (a reference to the no-alcohol policy of the Hayes White House), Hayes was much […]

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National Beach Day!

August 30 is National Beach Day! 🏖🏊‍♂️🍹 America’s first public beach wasn’t established until 1896. Revere Beach, in Massachusetts near Boston, is still open to the public today and is honored as a National Historic Landmark. Did you know? The most popular beaches in America include Huntington Beach (in southern California), Panama City Beach (in […]

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Happy Labor Day!

Happy Labor Day from JMC! Today marks 140 years since the first Labor Day took place on September 5, 1882 in New York City. The Central Labor Union of New York organized a parade of thousands of union members from all trades that culminated in a picnic for the members and their families. 🍗🍉👒This form […]

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On this day – Revolutionary War Hero Marquis de Lafayette was born

http://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/11742 On September 6, 1757, Revolutionary War hero Gilbert du Motier, better-known as the Marquis de Lafayette, was born in Chavaniac-Lafayette, France. Though Lafayette was not American, he sincerely believed in the American cause and tirelessly advocated for the fledgling country to the French government, which was key in helping the U.S. win the war. […]

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On this day – California enters the Union as the 31st State

On September 9, 1850, California was admitted to the Union as our 31st state. It is the largest state by population and the third largest state by area. Did you know? California is home to both the highest point in the continental U.S. (Mount Whitney) as well as the lowest point in the U.S. (Death […]

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Happy Constitution Day!

Happy Constitution Day! On this day in 1787, members of the Constitutional Convention signed the final draft of the Constitution. Over the next months, it would undergo the ratification process (requiring approval from at least 9 states). 📜📜📜 Did you know? Although Independence Day and Presidents’ Day were marked as such for many years, it […]

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On September 19, 1982, emoticons used for the first time in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

On September 19, 1982, emoticons were used for the first time by Dr. Scott Fahlman of Carnegie Mellon University. What were they? :-) and :-( Emoticons eventually developed into emojis, a closely related cousin of the emoticon, now also frequently used via email, text message, and other written communications. 😊❤️👍😂 As email and texting have […]

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On September 24, 1906, Devil’s Tower was established as a national monument

On September 24, 1906, Devil’s Tower in Wyoming was established as a national monument. An eye-catching geologic protrusion near the Black Hills, its formation dates back to the Triassic Period, 225-195 million years ago (!) ⛰⛰⛰ The monument is considered sacred by local Native American tribes, who have passed down its legends from generation to […]

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On September 26, 1774, Johnny Appleseed born in Leominster, Massachusetts

  On September 26, 1774, American folk legend Johnny Appleseed was born in Leominster, Massachusetts as John Chapman. Chapman was instrumental in easing settlers’ movement west. Contrary to popular belief, his apple seeds and orchards didn’t provide fruit so much as alcoholic cider, an essential drink at the 19th century American’s table. 🍎🍺🍏🍺🍎🍺 Did you […]

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On September 30, 1868, Louisa May Alcott’s Little Women was first published

On September 30, 1868, the first volume of Louisa May Alcott’s Little Women was published. The novel, centering on a family of four girls whose father was away in the Civil War, was hugely popular from the start. 154 years later, it’s still a children’s classic, beloved for its themes of perseverance and family. 👩‍🦰👩‍🦰👩👧 […]

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On October 1, 1832, First Lady Caroline Harrison born in Oxford, Ohio

On October 1, 1832, First Lady Caroline Harrison was born in Oxford, Ohio. As First Lady, Harrison’s philanthropic efforts focused on women’s causes – she notably raised funds for Johns Hopkins medical school on the condition that it admit women. Caroline also had a love for history, music, dancing, and the arts. A music teacher, […]

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October is National Seafood Month!

October is National Seafood Month! The American seafood industry has been honored by Congress with this distinction for the past 30 years. It has operated for much longer of course, with […]

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National Chess Day!

It’s National Chess Day! Celebrated each year on the second Saturday of October, the day encourages a greater appreciation for the game and gives chess enthusiasts another excuse to play. ♟♟♟ Some version of chess has been popular for over 1000 years! Several notable Americans played chess, including Benjamin Franklin, who waxed, “It is so […]

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October 12 is National Farmer’s Day!

October 12 is National Farmer’s Day! On this day, we honor all the hard work done by America’s farmers to bring food to our tables. 🍞🌽🍎🥚 According to the American Farm Bureau Federation, 98% of the 2 million farms in the country are family businesses. 🐄🏡🐖🐓 Did you know? Less than 2% of America’s workforce […]

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Happy Birthday to the U.S. Navy!

Happy Birthday to the U.S. Navy! On October 13, 1775, the Continental Congress voted to send two armed sailing vessels out to intercept ships carrying munitions and supplies to the British. From this tiny force of 160 patriots, the U.S. Navy eventually expanded to a mighty force of 300,000+ active duty members today. The Navy’s […]

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On October 14, 1994, Saguaro National Park was established in Arizona

On October 14, 1994, Saguaro National Park was established in Arizona. The park is home to the giant saguaro – the largest cactus in the United States and arguably the most recognizable symbol of the American West. 🏜🌵🏜🌵🏜 Truly American, saguaros only grow in the Sonoran Desert in Arizona, California, and Mexico, where they can […]

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On October 16, 1758, American lexicographer Noah Webster was born in West Hartford, Connecticut

On October 16, 1758, American lexicographer Noah Webster was born in West Hartford, Connecticut. Though it was not the first American English language dictionary, Webster’s dictionary, completed in 1828, is often credited as the first significant compilation of American English as distinct from British English. 🖊📖🇺🇸 Today, Webster is still a huge name in American […]

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On October 27, 1787, the first of the Federalist Papers (Federalist 1) was published in The Independent Journal and The New York Packet

On October 27, 1787, the first of the Federalist Papers (Federalist 1) was published in The Independent Journal and The New York Packet. 🗞📰📝 Written by Alexander Hamilton under the pseudonym Publius, it was the first of a series of seventy-seven articles written along with James Madison and John Jay to address concerns about the […]

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Tonight is known as Mischief Night!

For roughly a quarter of Americans (particularly in the Northeast and parts of the Midwest), tonight is known as Mischief Night! (Or Cabbage Night, Devil’s Night, or Goosey Night depending on the region one lives in.) The night before Halloween is seen as a time of mischief for young people, with common pranks including toilet […]

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On November 1, 1938, famed American racehorse Seabiscuit outran Triple Crown winner War Admiral in a “match of the century.”

On November 1, 1938, famed American racehorse Seabiscuit outran Triple Crown winner War Admiral in a “match of the century.” 🐎🐎🐎 Small, scrawny, and uncooperative in training, Seabiscuit was an unlikely champion racehorse. The little underdog served as an inspiration to Americans caught up in the Great Depression and an impending world war. The race […]

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Today is Election Day!

Today is Election Day ! 🗳🗳🗳 Did you know? Election Day always falls on the first Tuesday after the first Monday of November. Why this day? For one, farming schedules once dictated much of American life - most Americans had to travel to their local polls and spring through early fall was busy with planting […]

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On November 10, 1978, Badlands National Park was established in South Dakota

On November 10, 1978, Badlands National Park was established in South Dakota. The Badlands (so-called for its uninhabitability) is a swath of striking geological formations including pinnacles, buttes, and gorges mixed with prairie land. Did you know? The park is a prime location for fossils and has more Eocene and Oligocene mammal fossils than any […]

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Today is Veterans Day!

Occurring every year on November 11, Veterans Day honors the bravery and sacrifice of American veterans, past and present. 🇺🇸🪖🇺🇸🪖🇺🇸🪖 Did you know? For many years, the occasion was celebrated as Armistice Day and honored those who bravely sacrificed in World War I. In 1954, upon the urging of Raymond Weeks, a World War II […]

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On the night of November 12-13, 1833, thousands of meteors formed a meteor storm visible over North America east of the Rockies

On the night of November 12-13, 1833, thousands of meteors formed a meteor storm visible over North America east of the Rockies. The impressive sight lasted for hours, entrancing Americans, and leading many to believe that it was the end of the world. 💥🌟✨💫 Leading figures of the 19th century took note, including Frederick Douglass, […]

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On November 14, 1896, First Lady Mamie Eisenhower was born in Boone, Iowa

On November 14, 1896, First Lady Mamie Eisenhower was born in Boone, Iowa. Despite the demands of being a military wife, and then, the wife of a prominent figure, she always had a cheerful, outgoing demeanor that endeared her to the public. She publicly shunned political involvement, but her actions often spoke louder than words. […]

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On November 16, 1907, Oklahoma entered the Union as our 46th state

On November 16, 1907, Oklahoma entered the Union as our 46th state. Located in Tornado Alley, it is one of the most tornado prone regions of the country. 🌪🌪🌪 Did you know? Oklahoma is distinguished by a large Native American population. There are over 40 distinct Native languages spoken there and roughly half of the […]

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On November 19, 1863, Abraham Lincoln gave his famous Gettysburg Address

On November 19, 1863, Abraham Lincoln gave his famous Gettysburg Address as part of a dedication ceremony for the national cemetery at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. 🇺🇸🪦🇺🇸🪦🇺🇸 Despite his remark that “The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here” his brief speech went down in history as one of his most famous. The […]

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On November 22, 1744, First Lady Abigail Adams was born in Weymouth, Massachusetts

On November 22, 1744, First Lady Abigail Adams was born in Weymouth, Massachusetts. She may be best remembered for her remark to her husband, founding father John Adams, to “remember the ladies” while making laws for the emerging United States. 🙋‍♀️🙋‍♀️🙋‍♀️ Abigail was keenly interested in the development of the new country, and the 1000+ […]

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Happy Thanksgiving from JMC!

Happy Thanksgiving from JMC! Thanksgiving, one of our country's oldest holidays, has roots in both the Native American and European traditions. The Wampanoags and other Native American tribes traditionally held ceremonies of thanksgiving for successful harvests and instances of good fortune. Long before coming to North America, Europeans too gave thanks for good harvests with […]

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Today is Black Friday, one of the busiest shopping days of the year!

Today is Black Friday, one of the busiest shopping days of the year! 🛍🛍🛍 Did you know? It’s believed that the term “Black Friday” was first used in reference to the day after Thanksgiving by Philadelphia police officers in the 1950s to describe the mayhem of tourists visiting the city each year to shop and […]