Religious Liberty Resources

EXPLORE THE HISTORY, LAW, AND THEORY OF RELIGIOUS LIBERTY

Family, Sexuality, and Reproduction

381 U.S. 479
Warren Court

Griswold v. Connecticut (1965)

The Court considered the constitutionality of a Connecticut law that prohibited the use of contraceptives for married couples. Estelle Griswold helped open a birth control clinic in New Haven and was arrested for violating the Connecticut law. She appealed her case to the Supreme Court, which ruled that the law violated the Constitution. The Court argued that, taken together, the First, Third, Fourth, and Ninth Amendments imply a right to privacy in marriage. The Court reasoned that the Constitution protects rights not explicitly outlined in the Bill of Rights.

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Lawrence v. Texas (2003)
539 U.S. 558
Rehnquist Court

Lawrence v. Texas (2003)

The Supreme Court struck down a Texas law that criminalized sexual acts between same-sex couples. The Court reasoned that the law violated the Due Process Clause, which protects the right of two consenting adults to engage in sexual conduct, according to Kennedy. The Court reversed its 1986 decision in Bowers v. Hardwick, which originally outlawed sodomy.

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